Anni Albers: Textile art for a modern world

Wednesday December 11 16.35 GMT


Anni Albers: textile art for a modern world


Among the artists who went through the Bauhaus, Anni Albers It is undoubtedly one of the most prominent.

Born Anneliese Fleischmann at 1899 in the city of Berlin, Albers grew up in a wealthy family of Jewish origin.

From an early age she had access to an artistic education and At 1919, he entered the Hamburg School of Applied Arts.

But when he discovered the novel knowledge offer of the Bauhaus, entered this school in 1922.

From Bauhaus to Black Mountain College

Although his model was proposed as progressive, the activities in the Bauhaus they were very divided by student gender.

Women could not take metalwork or carpentry workshops, so Anni Albers entered the textile department.

There she began to exploit this medium, which was seen as a complementary tool.

And thanks to the freedom with which he approached materials and machines, he discovered all the possibilities that textiles as art gave.

Anni Albers mixed natural materials with synthetics, I was looking for a way to systematize their patterns through modules.

He also wove overlapping wefts and so created volumes and levels in one piece.

Following the guidelines of the Bauhaus, of thinking of art as functional, Albers I created with an architectural perspective.

For example, in 1929 he made a hanging tapestry for an auditorium that had a double function: absorb sound and reflect light.

In 2020 : Anni Albers and her husband Josef received an invitation to settle in the Black Mountain College, in North Carolina.

With the presence of Nazism in Germany the Bauhaus had closed, so they traveled to this experimental school.

Contact with multiple influences

Black Mountain College was an arts education center that It was based on interdiscipline and collaboration.

Practice and exchange between teachers and students were privileged.

There, Anni Albers organized the textile workshop and dedicated himself to education and to develop their own teaching methods.

In addition, experimented with many new materials for her as jute and hemp.

He also discovered other industrial materials such as metallic threads that he integrated into his compositions.

Another source that nurtured his work was the constant travels in Latin America.

With her husband Josef visited Mexico on several occasions, and became a collector of Peruvian textiles.

The contact with Latin American textile production enriched their notions about patterns, fabrics and techniques.

In addition to textile, Anni Albers made jewelry design and towards the end of his life he made a graphic production very powerful.

But he earned his place in the history of modern art for having rediscovered the expressive and artistic abilities of textiles.

In such a way that ancestral techniques they took an air of modernity according to the vertiginous life of the twentieth century.
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